This course encompasses microbial systematics and ecology, and introductory to immunology. Application of microorganisms in the environment and their roles in daily lives are discussed.

This course encompasses aspects of basic microbiology including the organization and characteristics of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Microbial metabolism, growth and control are discussed.

This course encompasses several aspects of basic microbiology including the microbial organization and structure, microscopy, microbial systematics and ecology. Classification and identification of microorganisms are also described.

This course encompasses various aspects of microbial ecology which involve the interaction between microorganisms with their environment. Methods and technology used to study microbes and their activities are discussed. The economic importance and biodiversity of microbial population are also elaborated.